How Does a Stethoscope Work?
One of the most familiar icons of modern medical care is the stethoscope.
This device makes it possible to clearly hear sounds inside the body, which can provide important information for diagnosis of disease conditions.
As familiar as it is, many people still wonder how does a stethoscope work?
The structures inside a stethoscope that makes it function are surprisingly simple, but their simplicity makes it possible for people with different levels of medical training utilize it to help patients.
Here is an explanation of how a stethoscope functions that shows how brilliant this common piece of medical equipment really is:
Components That Make Up A Stethoscope
The typical stethoscope is made up of a round, flat disc that is held against the chest or other area of the body to detect sounds.
Inside this disc is a tightly stretched plastic skin called a diaphragm.
The disc is connected to a length of tubing, which in turn is connected to two lengths of rubber tube that end in a pair of fittings that are placed into the ears.
The earpieces may be rubber or molded plastic.
The molded types can be specially made to fit the individual’s ears.
So… How Does A Stethoscope Work?
Stethoscopes utilize the action of sound waves to hear what’s going on in the body.
It is the stretched diaphragm that is able to register the sound waves that internal sounds make against the patient’s skin.
When the chestpiece is held to the patient’s chest, sound waves vibrate the tightly stretched diaphragm.
The hollow acoustic tubes are thinner than the diaphragm and magnify the sound, in a process called multiple reflection.
Sound is transmitted through the tubes, bouncing along the hollow walls of the tubing to the earpieces.
The earpieces themselves do not contain a diaphragm.
Instead, the human eardrum acts as the diaphragm, vibrating to the changes in air pressure caused by the sounds.
If you press the chestpiece lightly on the body, the listener will pick up low-frequency sounds.
Pressing the chestpiece more tightly to the body, the device will pick up higher-frequency sounds.
Some types of stethoscope have a smaller diaphragm on the opposite side of the large diaphragm.
These are used to auscultate, or listen to, the sounds inside children’s bodies.
Other stethoscopes have a hollow bell on the opposite side of the large diaphragm.
These bells are pressed gently against the body to transmit the lower-toned sounds in the body.
Amazing Facts About Stethoscopes
- Stethoscopes are made of 7 different parts: the chestpiece, the diaphragm, the stem that connects the disc to the tubes, the acoustic tubes that transmit sound, the headset, the ear tubes and the earpieces.
- The parts of stethoscopes are assembled by hand to ensure that they are airproof, which allows them to conduct sounds waves efficiently.
- Stethoscopes must be cared for and maintained property to ensure that they maintain the airproof qualities that allow optimum sound conduction.
Although health professionals have a variety of high-tech medical devices to diagnose problems inside the body, the stethoscope continues to be one of the most important pieces of equipment to immediately understand a patient’s condition.
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